Sunday, March 15, 2020
Before Writing Your RÃ ©sumÃ ©, Read This If youre in need of a new rÃ ©sumÃ © (or maybe even a first rÃ ©sumÃ ©), the challenge can be overwhelming. For every ten articles you read online about how to write a rÃ ©sumÃ ©, you might run across ten different opinions on the best way to do it. However, there are a few basic concepts to keep in mind as you are working on your rÃ ©sumÃ ©, and thats what we want to cover here.RÃ ©sumÃ © typeFirst, lets cover the type of rÃ ©sumÃ © you need to focus on writing. The traditional, chronological rÃ ©sumÃ © details the jobs youve had, from the most recent backward. Alternately, the skills-based rÃ ©sumÃ © focuses on skills picked up from schooling, jobs, and other areas of life. Knowing which one to use is important when writing your first rÃ ©sumÃ ©. Since the traditional and skills-based rÃ ©sumÃ ©s are the most common, well focus on these in this article.Deciding which to useA traditional rÃ ©sumÃ © is best used when there has been consistent, long-term employme nt. What that means is that youve had no gaps in employment of more than a month and the jobs were held for more than six months or at least a year. Otherwise, it is better to use a skills-based rÃ ©sumÃ © if your employment history is sporadic and youve had many different jobs lasting less than a year. When your skills are the focus of your rÃ ©sumÃ ©, youll write it based on a certain line of work, such as customer service or production.Getting startedFor both traditional and skills-based rÃ ©sumÃ ©s, start making a list of your employment history. This should be kept as a separate document to make writing other rÃ ©sumÃ ©s easier and it should be updated when a new job or skill is added to your experience. What should be included in the employment history is the name of the company, address (at least the city and state), employment dates (at least the month and year for start and end date), the position held, and a list of four to six tasks completed at the job. If youre unsure of how to word the tasks, O*Net is a great resource to look through tasks based on positions.Its also good to have the supervisors name, a phone number for the company, and even the supervisors email address or the name and email address of the HR rep. It makes it easier when completing applications and employment verification.Personal information sectionAlthough some rÃ ©sumÃ © templates put the personal information on other parts of the page, most rÃ ©sumÃ © templates place it front and center, at the very top of the paper. For this section, you need to start with your full, legal first and last name. This should be the most prominent portion of your rÃ ©sumÃ ©. You can bold it and increase the font size, but dont make it over 16-point font. (A word on fonts: Keep the fonts neutral in most cases. Use easy to read fonts like Times New Roman, Calibri, or Arial.)Under your name should be your address, including the city and state, in a smaller font (10 to 12-point). If y oure looking for a job in a new city or state, use that location. Employers are more likely to contact you if your rÃ ©sumÃ © and application information is listed in the city where the job is located. Finally, list your email and phone number next. They can be on the same line and have a symbol included before them.Example: Ã¢â" firstname.lastname@example.org Ã¢â" (555) 555-5555Keep in mind that your email should be professional (Stoner6969@email.com doesnt meet that criteria). The best way to make a professional email is a combination of your first and last name. If it needs numbers, keep them in an odd set like one or three. Two or four makes the employer think that is the year you were born and dates you in their mind. A good email is email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org.Your voicemail should be set up and professional, as well. Do not have a joke voicemail, swearing, or an automated voice stating the phone number. At the very least, state your first and last name.Summary st atementIn the older days of rÃ ©sumÃ © writing, this was called the objective statement. It usually began something like this: Seeking job with advancement opportunities, or Looking for a job in customer service. Those are not used anymore and dont highlight what you offer the company.Instead, you want to stand out and hook the employer with a summary, which should be about two to four sentences long. In this summary, you want to state your occupation and the years of experience you have in it. Next, you want to state what you offer the company to which youre applying regarding verifiable skills and knowledge of the industry. If youve won awards that highlight your professionalism or knowledge, put those here to bring them to the forefront of your potential employers attention.Example:Customer Service Representative with 1+ years of high-volume call center experience. Skilled in navigating multiple windows, customer satisfaction, and relationship building with customers. Always me t monthly sales goals and given an award for top customer service quality scores above 98%.EducationWith education, it depends on what you want to emphasize. If you have a solid set of degrees and want them as the focus, then list them after your personal information. If you dont have higher education or your degrees are older and it would give away your age, then you can list them later in the rÃ ©sumÃ ©. If you dont have a diploma or GED, you can exclude this section. If youre listing a degree you are in the process of completing, only list it if you are within three months of completing the program.Experience/Work historyTraditional/Chronological rÃ ©sumÃ ©For a traditional rÃ ©sumÃ ©, the jobs listed under your experience section should be targeted to the job for which you are applying. For example, if you are applying for a production job, you would list production-related jobs or jobs that prepared you for various soft skills like teamwork or customer service. If you are applying for IT jobs, you would list IT-related jobs. Otherwise, use a skills-based rÃ ©sumÃ ©.The typical response with a rÃ ©sumÃ © is to write long descriptions of your tasks from former/current jobs. That is not the best route. Employers spend about ten seconds skimming rÃ ©sumÃ ©s. Make a bulleted list of about four to six tasks you performed in the job. With each related job, use new but related tasks to show that you know the field or job type. As I mentioned earlier, O*Net is helpful with this because they have lists of typical tasks related to your field.It is also good to list numbers if you can. This can be like sales jobs where you mention specific sales goals you met or passed, or call centers where youd list their quality scores. In production or other jobs, this might mean listing how long it takes you to pack a pallet, the number of pallets you pack in an hour, or your quality scores. In other jobs, you can list tasks like accounts managed, dollar amounts hand led, employees managed, and so on. Adding in verifiable and specific numbers are something employers focus on and can see as potentially benefiting their company.Skills-based rÃ ©sumÃ ©In a skills-based rÃ ©sumÃ ©, the focus is on the skills. A job history is listed, but in a different format and at the end of the section. The experience is split into targeted areas for the job for which youre applying. An example would be a customer service position at a call center. The first jobs you would list would be those related to Customer Service, along with a total of your years of experience. List specific skills/tasks that relate to your experience with customer service like a traditional rÃ ©sumÃ ©. You can then list other fields, but keep that section of your rÃ ©sumÃ © targeted toward customer service.However, lets say you worked construction but are now applying for the call center. There are aspects of construction that relate to customer service. List tasks/skills such as effective communication with co-workers, following policies and instructions from your supervisor, and meeting deadlines and goals. Doing so allows you to use a job not directly related to the job you are applying for, while pointing out the skills and tasks from that experience that do transfer into the job you want.Additional skillsYou will likely want to focus on several major skills to list your experience under, but in both traditional and skills-based rÃ ©sumÃ ©s, you can also include a section listing your hard and soft skills in table format (without additional information). Most people use skills like leadership or customer service as their primary skills, but you should also consider skills related to finding solutions to problems and organizing your workflow. There should be a mixture of skills included in this section. Try to find a list of skills online of soft skills and other skills needed for the work you seek and pick out about 10 total.Other sections to includeTh e other sections you choose to include should be based on your experience. These could be volunteering, internships, publications, and so on, based on your personal and career history.Make it a living documentRÃ ©sumÃ ©s are a lot of trial and error. If you send out your rÃ ©sumÃ © and no one calls, then change it. RÃ ©sumÃ ©s are living documents, and everyone has an opinion of what a rÃ ©sumÃ © should be. It should also be a document that is targeted to your personal experience and the job to which youre applying. What works for one position might not work for another. However, once you have the basic information, you can build on it (or take away from it) however you need.
Friday, February 28, 2020
Reaction Paper to Democracy - Essay Example The governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s prime focus under the description should remain on providing safety to the individual rights of the people. The governmental representatives should also detach themselves in order to practice law and order in the community. They must not allow their personal feelings and emotions to interfere with their ability to fulfill their jobs and responsibilities as well. The democratic system thrives by meeting the needs and entertaining the opinion of the majority. Finally, the governments are formed with the help of obtaining public willingness and nobody has the authority to occupy the throne forcefully. The changes are supposed to come through the system of ballet box. The elections are held in order to let the public decide the next political leadership of the country. Locke profoundly argues that Ã¢â¬Å"Men being, as has been said, by Nature, all free, equal and independent, no one can be put out of this Estate, and subjected to the political power of another without his consentÃ¢â¬ (Locke, 330). The author establishes in the abovementioned passage that every human being is created as a free entity by the God and therefore, he or she shall allow others like him or her to rule upon. The equally legendary philosopher Rousseau came up with the idea of Ã¢â¬Å"social contractÃ¢â¬ that he believes to be present between the public and the government. The governmental success according to the author, resides in its ability to meet the expectation of the people. The democracy can be practiced through many different systems such as communism and even capitalism, if these frameworks manage to meet the expectations of the public. The anticipations of the public are presented in a generalized term as the need to see constant improvement in their living standards. The goal can surely be achieved by multiple paths. The Republic of China is achieving it with the help of
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Uprising of Syria - Research Paper Example The questions, which arise from the crisis in Syria, are the nature of the Syrian conflicts, the relationship between a civil war and a revolution and whether the crisis in Syria overshadows a revolution (hill). Nature of conflicts in Syria The crisis in Syria cannot be classified as purely sectarian as the international and the local media try to classify it. This classification of the Syrian conflicts as sectarian is as a result of the failure of the media personalities to understand Syrians or generally Arabs in other terms, which do not identify them as sectarian. A sectarian conflict can only be described as one that lies outside a country's history and does not depend on any social and economic factors. Sectarian conflicts are often referred to as religious conflicts and are static. The Syrian situation is similar to the case of Spanish civil war, Yemen civil war and the revolution that occurred in Libya. The main cause of the Syrian civil war is as a result of the uprising of the Syrian citizens against a class of individuals whose main goal is to enslave others. According to McMahon in his article on crisis in Syria, he describes the cause of the continued crisis is mainly as a result of disunity among different religious and ethnic group. This makes it more difficult to find a concrete solution to these crises (Macmahon). US president is quoted in solidarity magazine saying, Ã¢â¬Å"The crisis in Syria should be solved through a meditation led by international communityÃ¢â¬ . This implies that international communities like the United Nations should initiate the process of mediation in order to find long term solutions to the...Moghadam in her article on Syria crisis and prospects quotes the UN secretary general saying, Ã¢â¬Å"We need to come up with an immediate solution to these uprisingsÃ¢â¬ . On this has seen some of the nations like the United States of America and Britain argue that it is crucial to intervene in the crisis in Syria, while othe r nations like Russia and France arguing otherwise (Moghadam). The Syrian uprising has attracted attention from every nation across the world given the fact that Syria was once considered as the most peaceful and stable Arab country in the world. Different leaders across the world have varying opinions on the crisis in Syria. Some view it as a civil war while others view it as a revolution which involves political forces. The Syrian crisis should so far be classified as civil war since the government is fighting against a well organized rebel gang Ã¢â¬Å"SunnisÃ¢â¬ which was possibly established during the initial uprisings. Most revolutions bare some aspects of civil war; however some aspects of civil war cannot be overlooked during a civil war as in the case of the Syrian revolution which has turned out to be a civil war. In conclusion, the crises in Syria originate mainly from the internal factors and forces. The major internal cause of the crisis is the government of Syria, which triggered the initial demonstration through infringing the rights of its citizen.
Friday, January 31, 2020
Fashion marketing Prada and Zara - Essay Example The paper "Fashion marketing Prada and Zara" analyzes the fashion brand of Prada and Zara and its marketing. Zara is a brand of fashion under the Inditex Group. Amancio Ortega created the brand in 1975 from when it has used clear strategies to beat the tight competition and gain world recognition. The company thrives on innovation, mostly coming up with new concepts that pioneer the industry trends. The company uses lucrative strategies, choosing not to advertise its products and channel the funds to other projects. Since its inception, the company has experienced tremendous growth and has a tremendous market share in the fashion industry. Most market researchers call the brand a devastating competitor and the coverage of this product is wide, serving markets all over the world. Zara and Prada have major differences in operation and organizations, which individually lead to their success. Zara is an independent retailer, preferring to open stores in most of the cities where they thin k they can get the most customers. The company does not use any advertisements for the products or stores, unlike Prada, mostly preferring to utilize the resources to open more stores and develop the business to meet the ever-changing demands in the fashion industry. However, the company may also prefer to use franchising techniques as the route of expansion when the legal requirements forbid the company to open independently owned stores. The franchised stores operate just like the other company owned stores.
Thursday, January 23, 2020
Meeting the Demand for Clergy in Victorian England Ã Many new changes came to Victorian England as a result of the age of industrialization. Where there were once small country parishes, manufacturing towns were springing up. One change resulting from industrialization was the shortage of clergy to fill the new parishes in these towns. These new parishes reflect the demographic changes of the English countryside. Rural villages grew into booming towns. Where a single parish was once sufficient, there was now a need for multiple parishes. The Church of England went about meeting these demands for new clergy in two major ways, actively recruiting men to the clergy and restructuring theological facilities and changing the requirements for ordination. These factors show us some of the upheaval and reconstruction that was going on in the Anglican Church in Victorian England. This was a direct result of the need to train a large number of clergy in a relatively short period of time. Industrialization changed the demographic make up of England. In The Victorian Church in York Edward Royle states that "As suburban development turned sparsely populated manors into thriving and populous communities, further parochial sub-division took place" (2). Where small parishes once were sufficient, the larger manufacturing towns demanded more parishes be added to minister to the larger population. In 1832 the "Church of England was in danger and quite unequipped for ministry to an emerging urban industrial society" (Parsons 16). There was a shortage of clergy because of the rapid unanticipated growth. The demand for so many clergy to be ordained quickly led to restructuring clerical requirements. This demand could be shown in mere numbers, for example: "In 1841 there were just over 14,000 clergy in England and in 1891 there were more than 24,000" (Parsons 25). In the 1840s these clergy were primarily trained at the two major universities, Oxford and Cambridge. A small percentage (14%) came from small theological colleges. Many people could not afford to send their sons to these universities for the length of time required to become ordained. The combination of the increased demand in number of clergy needed and the time restriction for development created a crisis. The result of this crisis, was the development of the lesser theological colleges for the non-ordained and vocationally trained clergy.. This caused a number of issues to be raised. The result of this trend was " the growth of non-university clergy and the inadequacy of its theological instruction" (qtd.
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
Organizational Behaviour Learnings: OB course has given me a better understanding of the behavioural processes in an organization and provided me with a guideline for tackling various situations that I am likely to come across and be better equipped to function as a future manager within any stage of my work-life. During my work life at TCS,I have come across various kind of people. Some of them being arrogant,stern,unapproachable vis-a-vis others who were friendly, helpful and always in high spirits. Initial days the question I kept asking to myself was to do all the work assigned to me by myself or should I seek help from my colleagues. It was the initial steps I was taking into an unknown corporate jungle and I was full of doubts. One of the learningÃ¢â¬â¢s I had was how to balance work and life. There were periods of long working hours when we will have to work extra hours and come to office during the weekends. Along with this there was continuous phone calls asking for updates and the likes during the few hours I got to spend away from work. As a beginner I was eager to do more work and take on the added responsibility. But as the pressure mounted it was affecting my physical and mental self. OB gives us an insight into such a situation upfront and offers on how to tackle them to have a balanced work-life. One other key things one has to learn is to say NO to things. Even if you are the smartest and most hardworking employee on the planet ,it is impossible to do everything by yourself. We must learn to turn down the tasks which we logically could conclude that we wont be able to finish within the timeline and also learn to delegate and share work. Pursuit of career growth is only one facet of life and we must learn to juggle between the various other roles of life also. As I took up the role of leading a team of 20 people, the various uncertainties such as whom to assign what work, how to manage deadlines coming from superiors, learning the art of allocating time between meetings and dealing with various team dynamics as a manager came to life. Task allocation had to be done judiciously, prioritizing the work at hand and assigning it to the right people. I soon had 3-4 team members who were very enthusiastic and ready to take upon more challenging tasks and on the other hand a few who were very laid back and didnÃ¢â¬â¢t take work seriously. The trick was in assigning the high priority challenging tasks to the first kind and the mundane tasks to the other. Alongside this I used to talk to all my team members if they were dissatisfied with what they did and how I could make work-life better for them. As we fill into the shoes of a manager, we move from an individual perspective to managing a team wherein each of the team member has to be understood and also the team dynamics. OB learning comes in handy as it teaches us about how the team dynamics differs from an individualistic point of view. I handled multiple tasks within the project and hence had to work under different people, each having his/her own take on their subordinates and they treated them differently. We should understand the nature of the people we work under and modify the way we present ourselves to them as each oneÃ¢â¬â¢s expectations will be different. This is where Interpersonal communication and relations that we learn in OB helps us to evolve with our Boss. OB also teaches us about how to handle emotions and personality in a work environment. There were many situations where I got frustrated with my Boss or with my team mates. This naturally happens as we are working on stringent timelines and clash of ideas are likely to happen. Maintaining composure and dealing with such emotionally challenging situations can define your personality among your colleagues. Another vital factor is the motivation we expect from the work Ã¢â¬â life. Personally I always was focussed on climbing up the corporate ladder and looked forward to new challenges. During initial phases I was subjected to monotonous, time consuming work. I was going off-course and there wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t any motivation in me to work. My manager noticed this and after a brief talk, she understood the negative effect it was having on me and further gave me different role and responsibility which instilled new life in me to work and bought back the urge in me to perform. Understanding what you want, your hygiene and motivating factor early will enable you to enjoy your work and hence have a positive effect overall. Also the lure of an onsite was an added motivation that many employees shared in hope of earning big bucks and spending time overseas. Organizational politics is an unavoidable part for any employee . Its a social work group where biases, favouritismÃ¢â¬â¢s and down-play rules. I also got entangled and initially caught unaware on which side to take. There are multiple teams in parallel and taking side with one senior or group will irk the other. Here is where tactfulness and being smart counts and here we must also learn to utilise the art of persuasion. A persuader must match his emotional fervour to the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to receive the message and use the smarter way of negotiation. Many a times during my work life I had to convince the team members about the importance of work they are doing and the impact it carries within the project. Also as a team lead I had to persuade and convince the project manager of the additional resources I needed or for extending the timelines. Another aspect that forms the crux of OB is the way of communicating yourself and making yourself being heard. In a MNC with the large work group and complex hierarchies, one must really put in the extra effort to be heard amongst the crowd. For me, I learnt the secret lies in persistence and not giving up when you are ignored. If you give up no one is going to care about what you told and its brushed aside. On the other hand if you can reason yourself and understand whom to communicate it to within the hierarchy it makes all the difference. Working as a part of an Agile team we used to have daily stand-up meetings with the onsite where each days performance was analysed and commented upon. A manager has to be prompt in explaining his teamÃ¢â¬â¢s daily activities and resolve any conflict that occurs due to clash of ideas. A team goal is defined at the start and objectives are laid which are pursued by the team. Whilst the manager has to deal with the complexities occurring in the work place, a leader is one who has to deal with the change. We had a leader who kept a watch on the proceedings and kept looking for other alternatives, technology advancements, client requirement changes etc and incorporated some breakthrough changes which redefined the goals and objectives that was set in initial stages. The drawbacks I found in OB learning was the extend up to which these theoretical learningÃ¢â¬â¢s could be taken over and practically applied to the ever changing and fast paced workspace. The theories and case studies are rational and very relevant to the current organizational scenario. But the effectiveness it can deliver as a pure theory subject is what raises my concern. Unless we learn these behavioural norms in an active way like learn it while experiencing it ,these theories will remain just as a dormant learning within us. The effectiveness could be brought in by giving more role plays and real life case studies which can be solved by us by creating a virtual organizational simulation inside the four walls of a classroom.
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
Powerful Women V. Submissive Women by Sean Conolly Ancient societies and their cultures traditionally provided women with no access to power. It was nearly universal for women to be treated as subservient to men while being expected to behave mildly and submissively. The New Testament makes no exception. The Apostle Paul explains that through Christ, women are absolved of constraints that the social hierarchy imposes on them, but he later goes on to explain that even in Christ a religious hierarchy still exists. By acknowledging that women are inferior to men in both the social and religious circles, Paul presents women as subordinates. This contrasts with NjalÃ¢â¬â¢s Saga. Through the sagaÃ¢â¬â¢s characters Gunnhild, Hallgerd, and Bergthora,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This suggestion is eventually confirmed when she successfully convinces the King to accept Hrut as a bodyguard (NjalÃ¢â¬â¢s Saga, 8). Even though the King is the superior, Gunnhild still possesses the ability to influence him. Her influence demonstrates her ab ility to assume and exercise a degree of power. It is through her power that Gunnhild goes on to instigate a chain of events. After having Hrut as a lover for several seasons, Gunnhild reasserts her power when Hrut asks to return to Iceland. Though she lets him return, she sends a curse along with him. She says, Ã¢â¬Å"If I have as much power over you as I think I have, then I cast this spell: you will not have sexual pleasure with the woman you plan to marry in Iceland, though youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be able to have your will with other women. Neither of us comes out of this well, because you did not tell me the truth (NjalÃ¢â¬â¢s Saga, 13).Ã¢â¬ The curse she places on Hrut actually comes true (NjalÃ¢â¬â¢s Saga, 16). Hrut cannot please his wife and GunnhildÃ¢â¬â¢s desire to hold a degree of dominance over Hrut is fulfilled. Because Hrut wants to please his wife but cannot, his desires are unfulfilled. This suggests that GunnhildÃ¢â¬â¢s demands and desires are superior to those of men. It is the demands and desires of a woman t hat instigate events. The author immediately presents Gunnhild in the very first significant